I came across this post on Facebook and remembered reading A. W. Pink's book, The Sovereignty of God. The quote on the meaning of the word "world" in John 3:16 is a relevant one in the current debate between Calvinists and Arminians. Pink says:
Many people suppose they already know the simple meaning of Jn. 3:16, and therefore they conclude that no diligent study is required of them to discover the precise teaching of this verse. Needless to say, such an attitude shuts out any further light which they otherwise might obtain on the passage. Yet, if anyone will take a concordance and read carefully the various passages in which the term “world” (as a translation of “kosmos”) occurs, he will quickly perceive that to ascertain the precise meaning of, the word “world” in any given passage is not nearly so easy as is popularly supposed. The word “kosmos,” and its English equivalent “world,” is not used with a uniform significance in the New Testament. Very far from it. It is used in quite a number of different ways.
To read the rest of the exegesis on the meaning of the word "world" in Pink's book you can go to The Bad Baptist blog by clicking here: The Meaning of "Kosmos" in John 3:16. To read the unedited and unexpurgated version of A. W. Pink's book, The Sovereignty of God, online click here: The Sovereignty of God. You can also read Appendix 3 of the book from which the original blog post was taken by clicking on Appendix 3.